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1. the practice of treating one person or group differently from another in an unfair way:
racial/sex/religious etc discrimination (=treating someone unfairly because of their race, sex etc)➔positive discrimination, reverse discrimination
2. the ability to recognize the difference between two or more things, especially the difference in their quality:
way somebody/something looks
[uncountable and countable]
He was always criticising his wife's appearance.
We are often attracted to somebody first by theirphysical appearance.
Women, in general, tend to be more concerned than men about their personal appearance.
She had an outward appearance of calm, but deep down she was really worried.
1 something that you hold in your hand and use to do a particular job:
I don't have the right tools to start fiddling around with the engine.
a shop selling garden tools
1 to give something to someone or make it available to them, because they need it or want it [↪ provision]:
Tea and biscuits will be provided.
[uncountable and countable noun]
an ability to do something well, especially because you have learned and practised it [↪ talent]:
Reading and writing are two different skills.
Many jobs today require computer skills.
the use of satellites to obtain pictures and information about the Earth
a piece of equipment used for discovering the presence of light, heat, movement etc
[transitive verb not in progressive]
1 written: to understand or think of something or someone in a particular way [↪ perception]
perceive something/somebody as something
Even as a young woman she had been perceived as a future chief executive.
the information, skills, and understanding that you have gained through learning or experience
You need specialist knowledge to do this job.
He did nothavemuch knowledgeof American history.
1 to treat someone cruelly or unfairly over a period of time, especially because of their religious or political beliefs:
The Puritans left England to escape being persecuted.
2 to deliberately cause difficulties for someone by annoying them often [= harass]:
Like many celebrities, she complained of being persecuted by the press.
[countable noun usually singular] a particular type of character which makes someone likely to behave or react in a certain way [= temperament]
of a nervous/sociable/sensitive etc disposition (=having a nervous etc character)
The film is not suitable for people of a nervous disposition.
have a cheerful/sunny etc disposition (=have a happy character)
1 if something is outdated, it is no longer considered useful or effective, because something more modern exists [↪ old-fashioned]:
outdated teaching methods
a factory with outdated equipment
His writing style is now boring and outdated.
[countable noun]a subject or problem that is often discussed or argued about, especially a social or political matter that affects the interests of a lot of people
to officially end a law, system etc, especially one that has existed for a long time:
to demand that someone does something because it is a duty or seems reasonable
rooms, equipment, or services that are provided for a particular purpose:
All rooms haveprivate facilities (=private bathroom and toilet).
The hotel has its own pool andleisure facilities.
the buildings and land that a shop, restaurant, company etc uses:
Schools may earn extra money by renting out their premises.
do not enter these premises
off the premises
on grounds of
on the basis of
[countable noun] a physical or mental condition that makes it difficult for someone to use a part of their body properly, or to learn normally with a disability
Public places are becoming more accessible to people with disabilities.
learning/physical/mental etc disability
children with severe learning disabilities
to treat someone in a cruel and violent way, often sexually
She was sexually abused as a child
[uncountable and countable noun]
when someone is removed from their job:
Wilson was claiming compensation for unfair dismissal.
put-down [countable usually singular noun]
something you say that is intended to make someone feel stupid or unimportant [= snub]:
She was tired of his put-downs.
to put someone down
done in a way that is intended or planned [= on purpose, intentionally]:
He deliberately upset her.
past tense and past participle withheld [transitive]
to refuse to give someone something:
to not allow someone to take part in something or not allow them to enter a place, especially in a way that seems wrong or unfair [≠ include]:
a mainstream exhibition that excluded women artists
done without an acceptable reason:
unjustified price increases
to make someone feel ashamed or stupid, especially when other people are present [= embarrass]:
Her boss humiliated her in front of all her colleagues.
information that is passed from one person to another about other people's behaviour and private lives, often including unkind or untrue remarks
the past tense and past participle of stick
something sticks, it becomes fixed in one position and is difficult to move:
This door keeps sticking.
If you get stuck, you don't know how to continue
a line with irregular curves:
tidy and carefully arranged:
His clothes were always neat and clean.
spread over a wide area or over a long period of time
to send out gas, heat, light, sound
the satellite sends signals to the receiving station on the ground
There the raw data are being processed for further use.
a large piece of electrical kitchen equipment, used for keeping food and drinks cool
a piece of furniture like a large cupboard that you hang clothes in
the pieces of something that are left after it has been destroyed in an accident, explosion etc:
She was hit by flying debris from the blast.
in the course of last year = during last year
making you believe that something is true or right
Courtenay played the role in an utterly convincing way.
A noun phrase or nominal phrase (abbreviated NP) is a phrase which has a noun (or indefinite pronoun) as its head word, or which performs the same grammatical function as such a phrase. They may be the most frequently occurring phrase type.
Examples: The noun phrases are underlined.
The election year politics are annoying for many people.
Almost every sentence contains at least one noun phrase.
Current economic weakness may be a result of high energy prices.
You find more information here.
beautiful and impressive [= magnificent]
a human - used in science fiction stories
a bustling place is very busy
the part of a country that is near the sea
the eastern seaboard of the US
a piece of electronic equipment, such as alaptop computer or amobile phone, that is small and easy to carry
to treat a person or animal badly, especially in a cruel way [= ill-treat, maltreat]:
Security forces are accused of mistreating prisoners.
a system of connecting computers to the Internet and moving information, such as messages or pictures, at a very high speed
to make a formal request, usually written, for something such as a job, a place in a university, or permission to do something
She applied for a job with the local newspaper.
in spite of a fact that you have just mentioned [= nonetheless]:
What you said was true. It was, nevertheless, a little unkind.
far from towns or other places where people live [= isolated]:
a remote border town
the grass rootsthe ordinary people in an organization, rather than the leaders
grass roots [adjective:]
We are hoping for full participation at grass roots level.
[uncountable noun] formal
careful thought and attention, especially before making an official or important decision:
proposals put forward for consideration
is a combination of two (or more) words or their sounds (morphemes) and their meanings into a single new word
to spread out or cover a large area of land
[uncountable and countable]
the process of watching something or someone carefully for a period of time
waste matter from animals that is mixed with soil to improve the soil and help plants grow
synonym of 'if'
to continue to be in the same state or condition:
Please remain seated until all the lights are on.
is another word for exercise